European History Question?

Why was it so difficult to unify Italy?


The Italian unification is still a topic of debate. Some revisionists say that the Risorgimento was a true work of colonization, followed by a centralizing policy of conquest, because of which the Italian Mezzogiorno would have fallen into a state of backwardness still manifest. The revisionism of Risorgimento knew a clear radicalization in mid-twentieth century, after the fall of the Savoy monarchy and fascism, for which the Risorgimento was considered a intangible myth.


The papal states were in the way as well as many different groups vying for control and many outside forces, such as France and austria, trying to keep Italy fragmented.